Time Management is an appropriate & efficient allocation of time throughout various stages of project Life Cycle by estimating, scheduling and controlling various activities. Current economic challenges have forced companies to approach lean methodologies and drive a change in attitude. For example: In construction, contracting opportunities have rapidly declined due to the rise in competing companies. This has led to companies adopting timesaving systems for faster project outputs. Failure to constantly update project plans, lack of effective planning and not applying critical path techniques, immensely affects project performances and result. It may encourage the team to adopt shortcuts, maintaining improper documentation and ultimately decrease the quality of the project. Good time management is central to avoiding overruns.


A.     Resource Levelling: Using Microsoft Projects or Primavera, ongoing and upcoming resource requirements can be efficiently managed to meet project needs. It’s a powerful tool for maximizing effective resources utilization.

B.     Timesheet Register: This tool can help track involvement and actual work done by each team member and enable a degree of control to resources allocated to various activities. The can also assist in change management.

C.     Gantt Charts & Network Diagrams: These tools illustrate interrelated functions, highlight dependencies and help visualize the project over time. They can help identify overruns, adapt to changes and measure progress by determining key milestones.


Cost management is a key to project management planning. Costs are derived after scheduling activities on considering the risks associated with them. A baseline budget is established to keep a track of actual cost involved. The most important aspect of cost management is determining the impact of variances and rectifying them if necessary. It involves monitoring task completion and tracking activities. Cost management plays a vital role in overall project planning, tracking and success.


A.    Performance Measurement Analysis: These techniques can help us gauge the magnitude of variances and develop key values for any work package or scheduled activity. The cumulative value of scheduled work in the project is compared with actual costs to determine variances and decide for corrective action.

B.    Cost Performance Index: If the ratio of earned value to actual value is less than 1, it indicates cost overrun for the executed activity. To forecast the project cost at completion, cumulative CPO is calculated by dividing the sum of earned values taken periodically to the individual actual costs.

C.    Cost Tracking:  This tool can help measure job performance and gives an accurate picture of necessary elements. It can help us define thresholds, allocated additional resources or suspend work quickly for effective change management. Thus, it acts as an important tool for cost control and management.